Majority of the coal producing states are found in the eastern part of India comprising part of Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal. Jharkhand is the largest coal producing state in the country followed by Orissa, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra
India’s coal imports are expected to jump 19 percent to a record of about 200 million tonnes this fiscal year as power companies add capacity to meet rising demand even as millions go without electricity.
Coal production as well as transport by trains or by trucks all have a large impact on the environment. India being a developing country has a larger hunger of energy which is mainly satisfied by coal. Coal India Ltd.is world’s largest coal miner.
It produced 494.24 MT (million tonne) coal during FY 2014-15. Coal India operates through 81 mining areas in eight states in India. As on 1 April 2015, It has 430 coal mines out of which 175 are open cast, 227 are underground and 28 are mixed mines. It also imports coal on the behalf of Govt of India.
There are many allegations against the coal mining sector.
Coal India is criticized for operating coal mines without environment clearance. In September 2011, CAG criticised CIL for operating 239 mines in seven coal producing subsidiaries, which existed prior to 1994, without environmental clearance.
There are several types of environmental problems arising because of excessive coal mining. It includes following:
Coal mining also leads to health problems in the workers at the mines and also the habitants around or near the coal mines. It includes:
So the Environment Ministry and department should work on the regulation of pollution by coal mining and coal imports to avoid nature damage and health problems in people of Indian society.